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Many of the times parents think 'that will not happen to me', but the reality is that the number of babies dying from suffocation increases every day and most of the time it could have been avoided; For this reason, it is important to know what are the most common causes of a child dying by suffocation in order to take the appropriate precautions in order to avoid fatal consequences and what are the main situations of risk of suffocation in nursing babies.
Choking in babies and children can occur at any age. Of course, one of the most vulnerable ages with children under 3 years of age is age. On the one hand, because anatomically the airway is smaller and, therefore, easy to block; they also do not know how to defend themselves against an event that puts their life in danger. And finally, don't forget that babies under the age of two and three are constantly exploring and parents must have a thousand eyes with them.
The suffocation in babies it is an issue that goes beyond what many believe. There are parents who are actually very careful with their children, and there are others who, despite being careful, are unaware of the dangers to which their child may be subjected.
The causes of suffocation in nursing babies, that is, up to two years of age, are multiple, among them we can name:
- Use of pillows, sheets, blankets and positioners or protectors inside the crib
The use of these is not recommended by any pediatric scientific society in infants, since their use increases the probability of accidental asphyxia. The recommendation is that babies sleep on a mattress with a smooth surface, without blankets or objects, lying on their back and with an empty crib and, to regulate their temperature, simply wear warm clothes. This is really important since they can wrap themselves in the sheets or blankets without being able to get rid of it; just like they can do with the pillow, which represents a risk of airway obstruction.
To practice it, it must be safe, that is, it is recommended that co-sleeping be carried out in the following way: infant in his crib in the same room as his parents and not in the same bed as his parents, since it could happen that due to exhaustion of one of the parents, they fall into a deep sleep and suffocate the baby, imprisoning his little body either sideways or on the child. And it is that this case, although it may seem difficult to produce, it is feasible and even more so if one or both parents are smokers or obese.
As we have already said, the airways of babies are very small and, therefore, putting on a mask can hinder this function and increase the risk of suffocation. On the one hand, fitting them too tightly to the face will give them less access to air, and on the other hand, a loose fit won't provide much protection.
- Small objects
This is a major cause of accidental suffocation. Infants sometimes handle potentially dangerous small diameter objects, even more so because they are in the exploratory phase and almost everything they find they put in their mouths to explore. Among the most common objects we have marbles, trolley wheels, coins, earrings and pen caps.
When initiating complementary feeding, parents or caregivers should ensure that they do not offer foods with a high risk of choking and end in choking, including popcorn, nuts, sausage, or very hard foods such as apple or pear. It is also important that parents take special care with foods cut in an inappropriate format, for example, rounded or small that escape the motor skills acquired by the baby for his age.
There are a variety of toys that have small parts. It is important that, when choosing a toy for your child, you verify that the parts of it are according to age. All toys have in their packaging or cardboard the age range in which the toy can be used, however, you must verify that the parts or parts contained in it are safe and adapted to the motor skills of your baby.
I hope this article has been able to expand your knowledge and be able to put you on alert to prevent any choking event with your kids.
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