So much time at home with the children, complying with the confinement for the coronavirus quarantine, that it is easy to run out of entertainment ideas for the little ones. In addition to leisure, we can take advantage of these days to review some of the knowledge that children have acquired at school. For this reason, at Guiainfantil we suggest you join to the challenge of short dictations and, during quarantine, do a dictation a day with your children.
Below you will find many exercises of dictations grouped by the different elementary grades. Did you know that dictations are a type of language exercise that has many benefits for children? With them, your children review spelling and grammar, learn vocabulary, improve listening and attention ... In addition, if we propose fun texts according to their age, we will help to liven up this quarantine for coronavirus.
Although at a very basic level, first graders can already start doing some very simple dictations. Here we propose some exercises, do not hesitate to change them to adapt them to your child's level of knowledge.
1. Capitalization. With this first dictation we review the use of capital letters at the beginning of the text and in proper names (of people, cities and animals).
My cousin Luis lives in Córdoba. His sister Lucía lives in Valencia with her dog named Paco.
2. The R (strong and soft) and the RR. The R at the beginning of the word always sounds strong. In the middle of a word, the R sounds soft between vowels. To make it sound strong, we must put RR.
The dog has a pink leash, but he likes the green one better. The pirate Ramón's parrot runs to buy one.
3. The F. Dictation that works the use of the letter F, a letter that is sometimes difficult for some children to write.
Sofía's favorite food is fabada, but sometimes she prefers noodle soup. Before Fernando's party, we are going to visit the new fountain.
4. The m. Many of the first letters that children learn is M. This dictation is designed to practice their use.
My mom cooks blackberry pie. To avoid staining, she has put on her purple apron. Dad cooks hake as a first course.
[Read +: Dictations for first grade children]
In second grade, children have already become more fluent in writing than in the previous year. However, it is still necessary to choose short and simple texts so that they do one each day. Let's look at some examples.
5. The Q. This letter represents a challenge for children (and many adults). The Q is used for the vowels E and I, and a U is always put (which does not sound). It would be used: ca, que, qui, co, cu.
Here cheese is eaten with a little bread and a little ham. If you want to eat it with tomato, take out the knife.
6. The D. When is the letter D used? In all these words that we propose to you in this exercise!
Daniel tells you to tell him where you live. Since he has known you, he wants to meet the dinosaur Darío. Are you the owner of the dinosaur or the principal of the school?
7. The P. How is your child given the spelling of P? With the following short dictation you can practice it.
The birds walk among the palm trees on the beach. It is a beautiful landscape in spring, but now it is raining and we cannot go.
8. Enumeration with commas. With this dictation, children learn the use of the comma to separate the elements of an enumeration.
My cousin Pedro likes: chicken, lettuce, apple, pear, zucchini, fish, milk, orange, spinach, onion and cereals. Eat everything.
[Read +: Ideas to dictate to second grade children]
Let's go now with the children who are in the third grade of primary school. They have all been reviewing different spelling rules and learning new ones. With the dictations that we propose, children will be able to see some of them again during this coronavirus quarantine.
9. M before P and B. According to the spelling rule, before the B or the P is written M instead of N. Let's see some examples.
The temple bell breaks the silence. So does the horn and trombone. Everyone wants to change the situation and make a lot of noise.
10. The C, the Z and the S. Children should review the use of C, Z and S so as not to confuse both letters. The following would remain: za, ce, ci, zo, zu.
Zoila buys shoes with lights on the sole. They are blue like the sky, my favorite color. Do you know which is his favorite? The dark blue.
11. Using BR. According to the rule, the sounds br- are always written with B. Bra, bre, bri, bro and bru.
Before going to Brazil, find your compass, the one with a witch drawn on it. Give me a hug and don't forget to button your coat. Find your most beautiful book for the trip. I don't remember his name, but he has a hare on the cover.
12. Done or done. Echo (without H) comes from the verb 'throw', which means to throw or pour. Done (with H), it comes from the verb 'to do'. Fact can also be a noun (something that happens) or it can be part of the phrase 'in fact'.
I've already done my homework, so this afternoon I can take a nap. In fact, I'm going to go to bed now. Before, do you want me to pour some water into your glass?
[Read +: Examples of review texts for third grade primary]
If your child is going to fourth grade this year, these dictations that we propose below will be very useful and entertaining during quarantine.
13. Using the G and J. These two letters cause many headaches for children and the not so young. Broadly speaking, we could summarize that the words that begin with geo- are written with G, and those that end -gen, -gelic, -genarian, -genius, -genito, -gesimal, -gia, -gional, -gionarian, -ger and -gir (in infinitive verbs except weaving and crunching. On the other hand, for the ge sound to sound soft we have to put a U, just like gui.
The twentieth magician of the region of Geneva is very prodigious. His magic amazes everyone, especially the trick of the hanging box. His gadgets make everyone's jaw drop. An extraordinary exercise!
14. Words ending in D or Z. To know if a word ends in D or Z, we just have to put it in the plural. If its plural is des, it is written with D; if it is ces, it is written with Z.
After the storm, I was able to remove a fish and a nut from the net of my boat. For once, there was no garbage or debris to remove. You won't believe it, but the fish wore a cross-shaped mask. What a laugh it made me!
15. Sharp words. Sharp words are those that carry the stressed syllable in the last syllable, that is, the one with the greatest force. They are accentuated when they end in N, S or vowel. With this dictation your children will practice the accents.
The Japanese baby I met yesterday lives in Peru. Her mother made the decision to change countries by moving up in her job.
16. Words with BU, BUR and BUS. The spelling rule says that all words beginning with bu-, bus- and bur- are written with B.
The Buddhist looked for a pill for oral pain. After diving so much, his mouth hurt from blowing so many bubbles. Before that, he had a delicious donut, his favorite dessert.
[Read +: Short dictations for children who are in fourth grade]
Here we propose some dictations that are designed for children in the fifth grade. Is your son going to this course? Then it will be very useful to you.
17. LL and Y. We are going to practice using these two letters, which can sometimes be misleading.
I left the yellow brush in the chapel and today I can't go get it. The plaster on the wall will be dirty for today, but tomorrow I promise to clean it. It is not fair for the Weeping mare to have to live in a stable that is not clean because I have forgotten the brush.
18. Interrogative and exclamatory. The exclamatory and interrogative particles should be accentuated.
I asked my uncle how much the ball cost. He told me it was $ 50, how expensive! When will I be able to save so much money? I think I already know what I'm going to ask for as a birthday present, but we still don't know where I'm going to celebrate it.
19. Words esdrújulas. The words esdrújulas are always accentuated. They are those that carry the stressed syllable in the penultimate syllable.
The bird picked up the phone next to the geological map. He wanted to call his friend the parish priest of America. But he didn't pick up the phone because he was watching a movie about a Jurassic park.
20. Words with K. And finally, we propose a dictation to review some words that are written with K.
Koala Kiko loves to eat kiwis while practicing karate. But the other day, they had run out at the kiosk (kiosk), so he had to eat kakis (persimmon).
[Read +: Dictation for fifth grade students]
We finish with some dictation exercises that will be very useful for all the children who are studying the last year of primary school.
21. Homophones words. Homophone words are those that sound the same but are spelled differently, therefore they can lead to confusion.
Julia fell silent, didn't say a word, when her brother fell to the ground. Santiago had tripped over the stone bench and the whole plate of roast chicken ended up on the floor. Shall I pour you some water to pass the bad drink? You know what they say: what's done, chest.
22. The diacritical tilde. This type of tilde helps us to differentiate words that are spelled the same but whose meanings are different.
Your dog is smarter than you. He always takes the newspaper of the day and brings it to you. That is very important to me, but my cat doesn't. If you bought him a coat to go out, will he? While I have a tea I will count the money I have, because I do not know if it is enough.
23. The umlaut. It is a sign that is used on the U so that it has a sound in syllables such as gue or gui.
The penguin, whose name is Guillermo Yagüe, is bilingual. He can speak Spanish and English, although sometimes he is wrong with some words. It is often confused with the word umbrella. Do you know how to say it in English?
[Read +: The dictations that most help sixth grade children]
We hope that these dictations will be useful for you during these days of quarantine!
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