Rosa Parks's name has been written in history books thanks to her great little act of rebellion. This great woman fought to achieve equal rights for all citizens of the United States, whether they were black or white. So that children know more about her life, Elena Barroso has written the biography in the tale of Rosa Parks, a beautiful story that takes us to Alabama in the 1950s.
We have accompanied this short story with some reading comprehension questions and suggestions for other stories that talk about values as important as tolerance and respect.
- I finish sewing these pants and I'm going home ... - he guessed as he adjusted his worn glasses on his nose.
She was a bit tired and still had to go through the city by public transport to get home. On the way back, he often had to get up from your seat on the old bus because some white person was getting on, something that irritated him a lot.
At that time, public buses were divided: a zone for whites, a zone for blacks, and an intermediate zone where black people could sit, but only if no white person required the seat.
- The demons take me! - he used to say - is that nobody realizes that we should all be treated equally!
He got off work. It was December 1, and the winter chill was beginning to show through the streets of Montgomery, Alabama. The winter here used to be very short and not at all freezing, but it was enough for the cold air to enter under the brown coat that he always wore to work and seep into his bones. Like every day, he got on the bus and took a seat, this time in the middle area. She was looking out the window, entertained in her thoughts, when the driver's voice startled her:
- Ms, should you get up from the seat just like those three other black people. The bus is full and white people have got on.
The other three people gave up their places, but she refused.
- I'll have her put in jail! - threatened the driver.
- Very well - he answered - do as you wish.
She had to pay a fine and spent the night locked up in jail, but he felt freer than ever.
After the bus incident, word spread through the neighborhoods: a neighbor had had to pay a fine and had slept in jail for not leaving her seat to a white person; an injustice, a nonsense, this has to change.
There were protests and demonstrations. Marches of thousands of people walking miles and miles shouting in unison:
'My feet are tired but my soul is free!'
The protagonist of this story is called Rosa Parks. What happened on the bus and the demonstrations afterward changed the course of history. A year later the laws changed and discrimination was prohibited in public places.
the best way to know if the children have understood what they have read It is through questions that make them infer things from the text: elements that must be understood after reading the story because they are implicit. The activities and questions that work attention and memory are equally interesting, but the ideal is to intersperse both. We propose, for example:
- What color was Rosa Parks' skin?
- Do you think Rosa came from a wealthy family?
- Where had Rosa Parks been sitting on the bus?
- Why did they tell you that you had to get up from your seat?
- Why did Rosa Parks feel 'freer than ever' even though she had spent the night in jail?
In addition to the reading comprehension questions, it is interesting to encourage that children experience a taste for reading through dialogue with them about the text, forcing some reflections:
- How would you feel if they made you get up from the bus seat, if they did not let you enter the library or bathe in your neighborhood pool simply because of the color of your skin?
- What would you do if you saw someone treated badly because of the color of their skin?
- Do you think it is important to fight for your dreams?
The biography on Rosa Parks story talks about injustice and discrimination. Fortunately, little by little racism is disappearing from the world, however, today we cannot (far from it) we can say that it has been eradicated. To ensure that in the future we cannot talk about racism, it is essential to educate children in tolerance and respect for differences.
To do this, we propose some children's stories that will allow you to reflect with your children.
1. The angry volcano
One day, the waves of the sea washed a small, gleaming white stone onto a black rock beach. All the black stones took the visit of this new tenant very badly and decided to make her life impossible. However, when the angry volcano learned of the stones' attitude, it invited them to reflect on their discriminatory behavior. Share this story with your children!
2. Anna, the girl with the eyes of fire
Every time Anna looked at something with great intensity, she managed to warm it up. Little by little, the children moved away from her because it was very hot next to her ... But, Anna will meet Teo, a very special boy who had the gift of freezing everything he looked at. Will they become friends? Find out for yourself by reading this story.
3. The ear
Henry had oversized ears and all the children made fun of him. However, one day a horrible fire broke out in the school and Henry managed to save all the children, becoming a great hero. As you read this story, invite your children to reflect on what they would have done if they had experienced this situation.
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