Like children's drawing, play is a gateway to children's unconscious fantasies. Through games, children express fears, conflicts, learning and difficulties.
In the game the child shows his intelligence, his will, his dominating character and his personality. The expressive richness they show, the amount of materials they use, the rigidity or flexibility in their games are all indicators of the child's way of being and functioning. A) Yes. A child who always plays the same thing with the same materials is a child lacking in creativity, not very expressive, and even obsessive.
Each child's temperament, personality and conflicts are expressed in the type of game they choose and in the way they play. Observe what and how the child plays, allows a reading of their emotional state, analyze their defenses, your level of tolerance for frustration, their strengths and difficulties, anxiety, aggressiveness, their dependence or independence, and even their intellectual development.
But just like in children's drawing we must always take into account the age of the child and what is expected for their evolutionary level and what their sociocultural and family context is like. However the choice of games is often very significant.
1. The creative, fanciful and imaginative child. Choose games in which he can paint, model, draw, or build. He will prefer role-playing or role-playing games, in which he can use costumes, dolls or puppets. Through symbolic play, children train different personal roles in which they can put into practice different emotions and behaviors, as well as express concerns, conflicts or concerns. This type of game appears from the age of two in all children, but some feel more need than others to participate and enrich themselves from this game.
2. The shy, withdrawn, cautious or fearful child. We will often see him playing alone, especially in the park and in the schoolyard. At home he likes to play with mum or dad, whom he frequently asks to join in with his game. He is a child who has a hard time establishing relationships with other children his age and plays little in a group. When he lacks self-confidence, he looks for quiet games in which he does not stand out much among others.
3. The impulsive, restless, energetic or explorer child. He prefers body games, that is, all those games in which the child needs to move, jump, run, explore, go up and down, fight and fight ... These types of games are usually the preferred and most used by young children since their body it is their main source of learning. Children run and jump to put their psychomotor skills into practice and to discharge accumulated tension, but they also fight and struggle to know how far they can go.
They are children who also play games that we call of outburst or disorder, where yelling as loud as possible, running until you lose your breath, turning quickly, etc., is essential. These games are frequent when children play in groups, in the playground or parks and it is very rare that they occur when the child plays alone.
Throughout its development, the child varies his way of playing, changing his preferences for the type and form of play. Younger children prefer lively games, those that challenge them to practice their newly acquired psychomotor skills want to run, climb, jump ... While older children are increasingly opting for games of rules, participatory, social or competitive .
We will be alert when the child:
- Presents difficulty to play.
- The characters you choose are cruel or wicked.
- The language you use is inappropriate.
- Repeat the same game over and over again and is obsessed with the materials he choosesOr, they have a very low tolerance for frustration in relation to their chronological age.
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