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The birth of a baby is a unique experience and with the new advances in the field of genetics we know that the storage of the baby's umbilical cord blood can help him in the treatment of diseases that appear later in life and offer him important healing alternatives using your own cells.
Umbilical cord blood (UCS) like bone marrow is rich in stem cells. Stem cells are master cells capable of creating the major components of human blood and the body's immune (defense) system.
From these cells, red blood cells are formed that carry oxygen to the tissues, white blood cells to fight infections and platelets for clotting. The discovery that umbilical cord blood contains large amounts of stem cells has made them able to be used for the treatment of hematological (blood) and genetic diseases.
Patients suffering from both malignant and non-malignant hematological diseases can be treated with radiation or chemotherapy to destroy the abnormal cells, however, this process can also destroy the patient's healthy cells, as well as their bone marrow. If it is destroyed, a stem cell transplant is necessary to regenerate the lost cells. Malignant diseases that can be treated with SCU are:
- Leukemias (acute lymphocytic, acute myelogenous chronic myelogenous)
- Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
- Multiple myeloma (Neuroblastoma)
Non-malignant diseases that can be cured with this therapy are:
- Osteopetrosis Anemias (aplastic, Fanconi, sickle cell)
- Beta thalassemia (Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome)
- Tay Sachs (Hunter Syndrome)
- Severe combined immunodeficiency (Blackfan-Diamond)
- Lupus Syndromes (Hurler, Scheie, Sanfilippo, Morquio)
- Disease (Krabbe Gaucher, Niemann-Pick, Colman)
- Ease of obtaining since there is no risk or discomfort for the mother or the baby.
- It is a waste material.
- Low probability of transmission of infections.
- Low risk of developing graft disease vs. Host, that is to say that the organism rejects it.
- It allows the use of transplants from partially compatible donors, which makes its use possible not only for the baby but also for other members of the family (mainly siblings).
- There is a rapid availability of cord blood located in banks.
- UCS contains a greater number of progenitor cells and a greater number of forming colonies.
- These cells have a greater proliferative (growth) capacity.
A SCU bank is a place where parents can store the stem cells of their newborns by cryopreservation freezing at temperatures of negative 195 ° C to store important genetic material that can help you treat diseases that may arise in the future.
Until a few years ago, the use of stem cells was limited to transplants, however the recent discovery of the potential of these cells to become another type of cell (heart, cornea, nervous tissue, liver, kidneys, pancreas, etc.) has opened the way to research for the treatment of other diseases.
Among the diseases that can be treated in the future we find: Cancer (ovarian, testicular, breast, small cell lung), primary brain tumors, melanoma non-malignant diseases, diabetes, AIDS, gene therapy, rheumatoid arthritis, tissue regeneration (heart, liver, nervous pancreatic and corneal tissue). Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis, or severe lupus erythematosus.
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