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The Zika virus is transmitted through mosquito bites Aedes aegypti And, although its symptoms are not very serious (fever, skin rash or muscle aches), it is a potentially dangerous virus when the infected is a pregnant woman since it is related to the birth of babies with microcephaly.
The rapid spread of the virus and the ease with which the infection is transmitted is forcing pregnant women who live in areas where these insects live to take extreme precautions.
Brazil has been one of the first countries to detect a high increase in cases of births of babies affected with microcephaly, children of mothers who were infected by the Zika virus during the early stages of pregnancy. Microcephaly is a neurological condition that makes the baby's head size much smaller than it would correspond.
In the absence of conclusive evidence, all indications are that microcephaly in babies is related to the bite of the mosquito that carries the virus to the mother so the health authorities give us these recommendations:
- Avoid being near the house containers that collect water such as flowerpots, vases, holes or trenches, since the mosquito needs water to reproduce and live.
- Apply repellent for mosquitoes following the manufacturer's instructions. If you also wear sunscreen, apply the repellent last.
- Cover windows and doors with mosquito nets and, also place one on the bed.
- Use electric repellants or aerosols maintaining the security measures that require leaving the room ventilated.
- Use condoms to avoid sexual transmission.
- Most doctors advise continuing breastfeeding since it is not believed that it can be infected by this route, in any case, it is advisable to consult the pediatrician in the last term.
Since there is no preventive vaccine, the main advice from the experts is the prevention of the sting. And, although health authorities are reluctant to raise social alarms, in some countries they are already extending the recommendation that pregnant women not travel to areas with Zika transmission and even avoid pregnancy for the time being.
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