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Auditory stimulation in babies


Stimulating your baby's hearing has many benefits, including helping him speak sooner. Learn to use the resource of your voice to get their attention with different voices, tones, songs and laughter.

From birth, the mother's voice calms and reassures him, just like the heartbeat, because he is used to his family musicality, since various studies have revealed that the baby can listen from the womb. At first, human voices are the sounds that most attract the baby's attention and it is important to know how to use this resource to attract their attention with different voices, tones, songs and laughter.

Hearing, unlike sight, is a sense that receives information without us doing anything because it remains "connected" and does not need to be directed consciously.

During the first month of life, it is advisable to always address the baby from the front. Auditory stimulation is closely related to early language and communication acquisition. Adequate auditory stimulation will determine that the child can recognize sounds in the environment and respond to them.

The auditory stimulus It basically consists of talking to the baby, introducing him to different sounds and describing what they are about. It is important to categorize the sounds so that the child can differentiate them and associate them with an object, a person or a circumstance.

Two basic rules for stimulate your baby's hearing They are: an exaggerated pronunciation and the creation of a dialogue based on repetitive questions. As a basis for language acquisition, auditory stimulation must be linked to body movements, the use of the mouth and the tongue. It is important to look at you to start repeating sounds: first it will be chirping, guttural sounds, then babbling, and finally words. When the child makes a sound, what he has said should always be repeated to establish small very enriching dialogues to strengthen the affective bond between parents and children.

It is very important to encourage and reinforce their emissions through vocal play. To do this, it is advisable to take advantage of occasions such as the bathroom, diaper changes, or any other time when the child is calm and comfortable, to play talking and singing with him. For this, it is important to play games or activities that include:

- Make noise with bells and rattles. If you listen well, the baby will direct his head towards the sound and when he sees the device that makes noise he repeats the sound again.
- Repetitions. They enable the baby to recognize sounds and turn when he hears them from his back.
- Accompaniments. Sound can be linked to other sensory stimuli such as sight. This helps that when listening to a sound you can recognize its origin.

- Newly born. At a sudden sound, you will surely wake up. If he likes it, he will wave his arms and make a sound in response. The preferred sound stimulus in these first moments is the mother's voice, which not only stimulates him but also calms him down.
- Four months. He will look for the origin of the sound with his eyes to see what produces it. At first the search is very rudimentary and afterwards it will show itself more and more secure only in the lateral plane.
- Five to six months of life. Begins to imitate adult sounds with vocalizations.
- Second semester. Look sideways and down for the object or person who made the sound. Around 12 months, upwards.
- Year and a half. It is able to find the sound source in any direction: up, down and to its sides.
- Twenty four months. Locate sounds at all angles.

Marisol New.

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