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Louise Brown was the first baby born thanks to IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) treatment. Since then, many couples have been able to start a family thanks to the success of these treatments to conceive a child and now those born by an assisted reproductive technique already reach more than 5,000 million babies born by IVF.
The two most active countries in terms of requests for fertility treatments are the United States and Japan, although Europe is the global region where the most treatments are carried out. According to the latest European data, the average availability of assisted reproduction treatments in Europe is 1,000 cycles per million inhabitants, although 1,500 cycles per million inhabitants per year would be needed, a figure only reached by Denmark, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Sweden, Finland and Norway.
The truth is that assisted reproductive techniques have advanced a lot since, in 1977, the British Patrick Steptoe, gynecologist at Oldham General Hospital, and Robert Edwards, a physiologist at the University of Cambridge, succeeded in having John Brown's sperm fertilize the oocytes of his wife Leslie in a laboratory. This miracle of science, which took place eight months after the birth of Louise Brown, was the beginning of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), a then experimental technique that in its day led to all kinds of controversies.
This technology that has been very successful around the world, has created millions of families with children Furthermore, the negative impact of infertility has been reduced, since it is proving that sterility is a problem that has a solution. The funny thing about IVF is that it has been accepted by most cultures in every country in the world. In reality, the barriers to not resorting to In Vitro Fertilization to have a baby when natural methods fail are basically inexpensive.
The challenge of this technique has been in recent years to achieve more single pregnancies instead of multiple births, which pose a risk to the health of women, something that is being achieved thanks to a reduction in the number of embryos implantation. Without a doubt, IVF is one of the most important medical advances in recent years and has deserved the recognition of the Swedish Academy by awarding the Nobel Prize in 2010 to the only living father of IVF, Robert Edwards.
Marisol New. Editor of our site
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