Salmonellosis is a Salmonella infection that usually occurs with diarrhea in children. It is spread either from person to person, or by ingesting contaminated food or water (unpasteurized milk, undercooked meat, eggs, poultry products, shellfish).
The incubation period is 12 to 72 hours. It begins abruptly with fever, impaired general condition, nausea, vomiting, colicky abdominal pain, and stools that may have blood or mucus, very foul (like the smell of rotten eggs). We explain what exactly salmonellosis is and what the symptoms are.
Salmonellosis is a disease caused by a bacteria calledSalmonella. It is spread in this way:
- These bacteria can be found in soil, water, raw food, and the droppings of some animals, including reptiles such as turtles and snakes.
- Transmission is carried out by consumption of contaminated food of animal origin, mainly poultry, eggs, cattle and pigs, from asymptomatic carriers who handle food or, more rarely, from person to person, especially in nurseries and hospitals. It predominates in the summer and autumn months.
- Someone can also get infected by eating food that has not been handled or prepared properly. Sometimes theSalmonella It is found in raw foods such as eggs, milk, chicken, turkey, beef, pork. If these foods are not processed or cooked properly, the bacteria remain alive in the food and can infect someone who eats it.
- People who have salmonellosis have the bacteria in their own poop, too. so yes the patient does not wash his hands carefully after using the bathroom and then touches his food, bacteria can enter the food and spread to other people. Also, children wearing diapers that have salmonellosis can spread the infection due to their poop becoming infected. People who change the child's diapers could get the infection that way.
Salmonella mostly causes vomiting, nausea, and intestinal cramps. Symptoms of most infections begin within 3 days of contamination and usually clear up without medical treatment. It can generate these other diseases such as symptoms:
- Stomach flu: with an incubation period of 12-48 hours, followed by fever, impaired general condition, nausea, vomiting, colicky abdominal pain, tenesmus and very foul-smelling mucosanguineous stools. Diarrhea usually lasts 3-4 days.
- Bacteremia (1-4% of cases): should be suspected in persistent fever, especially in the infant. S. typhimurium and S. cholerae-suis are responsible for most of the cases. It can be especially serious in neonates, children with poor cellular immunity, schistosomiasis, and sickle cell anemia.
- FEnteric fever and typhoid fever: It has an incubation period of 7 to 14 days. The first phase of the disease involves high fever, general malaise, poor appetite, myalgia, headache, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In a second phase, high fever is maintained and fatigue, anorexia and abdominal symptoms increase in intensity. The patients are lethargic; On physical examination, they present bradycardia, hepatosplenomegaly, abdominal distention, and a maculopapular or roseola rash.
Sometimes salmonellosis can be complicated in 1-5% of children, usually infants, and extraintestinal complications frequently occur: appendicitis, peritonitis, abscesses, meningitis, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, arthritis.
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